Krameria lanceolata Torr.
Family: Krameriaceae
trailing krameria,  more...
[Krameria spathulata Small]
Krameria lanceolata image
Patrick Alexander  
Plant: perennial herb, sprawling, decumbent, with branches generally radiating from a central woody underground stem, the branches to 1 m long, green, densely tomentose to sparsely strigose Leaves: 5-25 mm long, 0.9-4 mm wide, variably strigose, alternate, exstipulate INFLORESCENCE: uniflorous in leaf axils, racemes Flowers: flowering stalks 1-3 cm long; bractlets (7-)10-15 mm long, 0.5-2 mm wide, distal on the flowering stalk; sepals 5, spreading, densely strigose on the outer surfaces, deep purple; lowermost sepal 10-16 mm long, 3-6 mm wide; elaiophores cuneate, 1.5-3 mm long, pink, apricot-colored, or reddish with secretory blisters restricted to the upper half or quarter of the outer and distal faces; petaloid petals 3, clawed, 5-7 mm long, basally connate for about 4 mm with the connate portion cream-colored or pink, the terminal, distinct portions expanded into reniform blades, these crenulate, 1.5-2 mm long, 2-3 mm wide, purple, or pink and purple-edged; stamens 4, 3-4 mm long, inserted on the connate base of the petaloid petals with lateral pair connate for 1-2.5 mm beyond the point of insertion, pale pink; ovary 3-4 mm long; style pink Fruit: FRUITS globose (rarely slightly cordate) in outline, 5.5-8 mm wide excluding spines, variously pubescent, bearing stout, scattered spines; individual spines yellow, 1.8-5.3 mm long appearing roughened at the distal ends; SEEDS globose, gray-brown, smooth, lacking endosperm Misc: Usually in open grassy habitats with oak, or oak and pine; 1200-1700 m (4000-5500 ft.); May-Aug REFERENCES: Simpson, Beryl B. Andrew Salywon. 1999. Krameriaceae. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. Sci. 32(1).
VPAP (Simpson and Salywon 1999), Allred and Ivey 2012, Martin and Hutchins 1980, Correll and Johnston 1970
Duration: Perennial Nativity: Native Lifeform: Subshrub General: Sprawling, much-branched  perennial herb, from a woody underground stem; branches prostrate or decumbent, up to 1 m long and radiating out from the center; herbage gray-green and densely tomentose to sparsely strigose. Leaves: Alternate along the stems and sessile or nearly so; blades linear to linear-lanceolate, 1-3 cm long and 1-4 mm wide, with entire margins, tipped with a very small spine; surfaces variably strigose. Flowers: Red-purple and bilaterally symmetrical, solitary in the axils of most leaves; each flower on a stalk 1-3 cm long; sepals 5, spreading, hairy on the outer surface, deep purple and showy, resembling petals; lowermost sepal 10-16 mm long and 3-6 mm wide, the other sepals slightly smaller; 2 lower petals modified into oil-secreting glands (called elaiophores), 1.5-3 mm long, pink, apricot-colored or reddish; upper 3 petals clawed and united near the base, cream or pink, about half the length of the sepals. Fruits: Capsules globose, 5-6 mm wide, covered with stout yellow spines, 2-5 mm long; containing 1 seed. Ecology: Found in open areas, often in grassy sites with oak, or oak and pine from 4,000-5,500 ft (1219-1676 m); flowers May-August. Distribution: s AZ, s CO, NM, s KS, OK, TX, AR, GA, FL; south to s MEX. Notes: Distinct from the other two Krameria spp in its being the only perennial herb, wheras the others are shrubs. The sprawling, laying-down habit, gray-green hairy leaves, and spine-covered fruits are distinctive, as are the irregular reddish-purple flowers with 5 showy, hairy sepals, and 3 smaller petals that are fused together for the lower half. Look for this genus in the pea family(Fabaceae) in older texts; it has since been classified in its own family, Krameriaceae. Ethnobotany: Unknown Etymology: Krameria named after Johann Georg Heinrich Kramer (1684-1744) an Austrian physician and botanist; lanceolata refers to the shape of the leaves. Synonyms: Krameria secundiflora, Krameria spathulata Editor: SBuckley 2010, FSCoburn 2015, AHazelton 2017
Krameria lanceolata image
Liz Makings  
Krameria lanceolata image
Patrick Alexander  
Krameria lanceolata image
Patrick Alexander  
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Conor Flynn  
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Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image
Krameria lanceolata image